Notices to Mariners
GLA DGPS Transmissions
02 - 2009
Issue Date: Thursday 1 January 2009
The Commissioners of Irish Lights consider it appropriate to re-issue their Notice to Mariners No. 03 (2007) on the use of the General Lighthouse Authorities (GLA) Differential Global Positioning System (DGPS) as follows:
DGPS is provided as a marine aid to navigation, giving 24 hour-a-day, all-year-round service with overlapping signal coverage up to 50 nautical miles offshore around the coasts of the United Kingdom and the Republic of Ireland. The differential signals are transmitted using a terrestrial network of medium frequency marine radiobeacons in the 283.5-315 kHz band. For mariners equipped with a suitable receiver the signal provides both real time integrity monitoring of GPS derived positions and the capability of fixing their positions to better than 5 metres (95% probability) in moving applications. Greater accuracy can be achieved in stationary applications.
All mariners are advised:
- DGPS relies inherently on GPS, the operation and characteristics of which is under the control of the US Department of Defense and users are cautioned that the signal availability and accuracy may be subject to change without warning.
- The DGPS service is provided primarily for use in monitoring the integrity of GPS to enhance the safety of marine navigation. The provision of greater accuracy for marine navigation is a secondary feature.
- Signal reception may become unreliable, under certain extreme environmental conditions, towards the limits of the geographical coverage.
- All radio navigation systems are susceptible to interference (including jamming) and environmental effects, which can adversely affect their availability. The GLAs strongly advise that no single aid to navigation system should be used in isolation and that DGPS users should use all alternative means available to cross check the information received. Users should also ensure that they have a receiver which gives sufficient warning of the complete loss of the DGPS signal and reversion to GPS.
- Various DGPS receiver types are available, some of which may not provide appropriate or timely warnings in respect of the system.
- GLA Medium Frequency (MF) DGPS should not be confused with Satellite Based Augmentation Systems (SBAS) such as EGNOS, the European Geostationary Navigation Overlay Service, or WAAS, Wide Area Augmentation System. SBAS enabled receivers generally do not receive MF DGPS signals nor do MF DGPS receivers receive SBAS Signals.
- Reference should also be made to Volume 2 of the Admiralty List of Radio Signals. In particular, the attention of mariners is drawn to the section dealing with horizontal datums on charts and the notes on satellite derived position.
By Order, S. G. R. Ruttle, Chief Executive