2016-02 GLA DGPS Transmissions

2016-02 GLA DGPS Transmissions

Notices to Mariners

2016-02 GLA GDPS Transmissions

02 - 2016

Issue Date: Sunday 20 December 2015

Aid: All Aids


The General Lighthouse Authorities (GLA) provide a MF Radio Beacon Differential Global
Positioning System (DGPS) service on the Coasts of Great Britain and Ireland.

DGPS is provided as a marine Aid to Navigation, giving 24 hour-a-day, all-year-round service
with overlapping signal coverage up to 50 nautical miles offshore around the coasts of the United
Kingdom and Ireland. The differential signals are transmitted using a terrestrial network of
medium frequency marine radio beacons in the 283.5-315 kHz band. Mariners are encouraged to
equip themselves with a suitable receiver as the signal provides both real time integrity
monitoring of GPS derived positions and the capability of fixing their positions to better than 5
metres accuracy (95% probability) in moving applications. Greater accuracy can be achieved in
stationary applications.

All mariners are advised that:
1. DGPS relies inherently on GPS, the operation and characteristics of which is under the control
of the US Department of Defense and users are cautioned that the signal availability and
accuracy may be subject to change without warning.
2. The DGPS service is provided primarily for use in monitoring the integrity of GPS to enhance
the safety of marine navigation. The provision of greater accuracy for marine navigation is a
secondary feature.
3. Signal reception may become unreliable, under certain extreme environmental conditions,
towards the limits of the geographical coverage.
4. All radio navigation systems are susceptible to interference (including jamming or spoofing)
and environmental effects (Sun Spots), which can adversely affect their availability. The GLAs
strongly advise that no single Aid to Navigation system should be used in isolation and that
DGPS users should use all alternative means available to cross check the information
received. Users should also ensure that they have a receiver, which gives sufficient warning
of the complete loss of the DGPS signal and reversion to GPS.
5. A wide range of on-board systems use GPS for timing and positioning purposes. The
performance of these systems will also be affected by any GPS interference.
6. Various DGPS receiver types are available, some of which may not provide appropriate or
timely warnings in respect of the system.
7. GLA Medium Frequency (MF) DGPS should not be confused with Satellite Based Augmentation
Systems (SBAS) such as EGNOS, the European Geostationary Navigation Overlay Service, or
WAAS, Wide Area Augmentation System. SBAS enabled receivers generally do not receive
MF DGPS signals nor do MF DGPS receivers receive SBAS Signals.
8. Reference should be made to the Admiralty List of Radio Signals (Vol 2–NP 282) for details of
Radiobeacons transmitting DGPS corrections. Also to the Mariners’ Handbook (NP100) where
the attention of mariners is drawn to the section dealing with horizontal datums on charts
and the notes on satellite derived positions.

By Order, Yvonne Shields, Chief Executive